What does a web developers do? Tasks & Responsibilities

Web developers are in-demand specialists with the skills to create the logic behind all features of websites. If you are wondering about how to become a web developer, you first will need to pick a side you are playing for.

Front-End Developers

First, we have the front-end developers that are responsible for creating the client-side. Basically, most of the stylistic and structural choices on a website are made by front-end developers. Secondly, we have the back-end developers that work under the hood. As a client, you won’t necessarily notice their handy work. However, you will take heed of sites that show clear signs of workflow and functionality issues.


For some, sitting in front of a computer seems like a privilege, not work. They do have a point: you won’t have to do any real heavy lifting. However, programmers need to have tremendous expertise up their sleeve and apply it for the production of quality code. For instance, if you are building a critical security system, bugs that go unnoticed might lead to substantial financial or data losses.

Therefore, let’s answer the question of what does a web developer do?

  • They are responsible for creating and maintaining stable, aesthetic, and functional websites.
  • Front-end developers perfect how a website looks. They might use a combination of HTML, CSS, and JavaScript to create different structures and integrate styles.
  • Developers also make websites responsive, meaning that website layouts become flexible and capable of adapting to differently-sized devices.
  • They also need to protect users’ confidential data.
  • Web developers work on new features of websites.
  • They test the functionality of websites and evaluate how a website performs on different browsers.
  • Programmers also improve the loading speed of sites.

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How to become a front-end developer?

As I have mentioned, front-end developers control the way browsers display websites. Many self-taught developers gain their knowledge through online tutorials, courses, exercises, or any material they can find. To become a front-end developer, you need to learn a combination of coding languages that are necessary for any client-side specialist. How to become a web developer is easier if you are following a friendly guide.

Languages you should learn

  • As the base for any website, developers use HTML. Tags help them organize content into logical parts, resulting in coherent structures. Therefore, HTML determines the structural properties of your sites, such as the location of your headlines, placement of headings, bullet lists, etc. This course on HTML will provide you with details about elements and semantics you need to know before starting to build structures of web apps.
  • CSS is your next target. It is the language you use to add some style to your websites. After HTML helps you divide your content neatly, you still need to add some colors, fonts, effects, sizes, margins, animations, and make other styling choices. To cover as much ground as possible on this topic, try this course to learn all about styling options.
  • Now that your website has a clear-cut structure, attractive style, you need to take things to the next level. JavaScript offers the means to give users an interactive experience. This programming language will provide you with the chance to add tooltips, pop-ups, image sliders, etc. Interactivity is necessary for any website. What does this mean? Well, it means that the site is capable of updating information on pages without having the user reload them. To find out how the standard JavaScript can help you achieve interactivity, learn from this course.

Resources that make front-end development easier

The process of how to become a web developer does not end with you learning programming languages, or writing vanilla code as they say. In fact, it is rare for developers to go full-mode vanilla since frameworks and libraries expedite the development process.

As a beginner, you should not aim for this acceleration right away. It might be best to begin in a vacuum, avoiding all additional resources until you are comfortable with the standard language. While some specialists label the use of frameworks as cheating, do not believe such ridiculous accusations.

How to become a back-end developer?

Server-side developers are responsible for managing the server, application, and database. They make sure that each component communicates with each other smoothly. For instance, back-end specialists make sure that all requests from the client-side are handled by the server-side. While programmers are not the masterminds of communication, they do need to share and exchange ideas with stakeholders and clients. For instance, clients will indicate the functionality they want their web apps to have. The programmer will need to produce quality code for making all those requirements come to life.

The best languages to consider

  • PHP is the general-purpose scripting language that is highly suitable for web development. With this language, developers write the logic behind the communication between dynamic content and databases. If you feel like it’s time to explore the capabilities of this scripting language, try this beginner-friendly course on becoming a PHP specialist.
  • While learning Python is all the rage right now, this attitude is more prominent when it comes to artificial intelligence, data science, and machine learning. However, using Python for web development is a popular choice as well due to the simple syntax and easy-to-read code. In this course, you will learn just how Python can be used to create and control the server-side of web apps.
  • Java has been around for years, and it retains the position of one of the most widely-used languages. Besides being the top choice for Android development, Java is a friendly companion of many back-end developers. To get a better idea of Java and its use, get this course to learn the basics and start programming with Java.
  • Ruby on Rails refers to the Ruby programming language and the Rails framework for web development. This choice is supported by arguments that Ruby contributes to the rapid application development (RAD) and high code readability. Get this course to try using Ruby on Rails for your first web app!

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